How to pass out kidney stones in days
Most kidney stones are about the size of a chicken pea but they can also be the size of the golf ball depending on what stage of maturity it is. Small stones can easily move through your urinary tracts but large ones are problems as surgery is advised.
The kidney is a bean-shaped organ that handles the body’s fluids and chemical levels. They control potassium, sodium and calcium levels in the body. The kidney, urethra and blood are part of the urinary tract. Therefore, if issues rise pertaining to the urinary tract it is life threatening.
What is the urinary tract and how does it work?
Your urinary tract is important because it gets rid of extra and unneeded fluids in the body. The body’s drainage system is made up of two kidneys, two urethras, your bladder and your urethra. Everyday, your kidney filters about 120-150 quarts of blood to remove waste products. This process produces about 1 to 2 quarts of urine daily.
Then, the urethras, a thin tube of muscles that connects your kidney to your bladder, transports the wastes to your bladder. The bladder acts as a reservoir that holds the urine. You can not control your kidney but you can control your bladder. The urethra is the tube which helps pass out the urine successfully. An infection in any of the organs punctures the drainage system.
What are kidney stones?
Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi are hard deposits of minerals and salts that form inside the kidney. Most times, stones form when the urine becomes concentrated, allowing minerals to stick together and crystallize. They can start small, then turn into something bigger that fills up the kidney. Moving kidney stones can be quite painful, but it lacks power if they are recognized in time. Stones that don’t move may cause significant pain, urinary outflow obstruction, infection, or other health problems.
Types of kidney stones
Kidney stones come in various forms and colors, depending on the type you have.
- Calcium stones
This is the most common type of kidney stone. There are two types of calcium stones namely calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate. Calcium oxalate is made from oxalate – minerals and substances. Firstly, oxalate is a natural substance found in many foods. Your body uses food for energy. After your body uses what it needs, waste products travel through the bloodstream to the kidneys and are removed through urine.
Urine has various wastes in it. If there is too much waste in too little liquid, crystals can begin to form. These crystals may stick together and form a solid mass (a kidney stone). Oxalate is one type of substance that can form crystals in the urine. This can happen if there is too much oxalate, too little liquid or urine, and can cause the oxalate to crystallize and turn into stones. Meanwhile, calcium phosphate is a compound of calcium and phosphorus. However, too much calcium phosphate can cause health risks.
- Uric stones
Uric acid stones form when acidic urine does not dissolve well. The formation of these stones can run in various generations of families. Foods such as beef, pork, fish have high amounts of a chemical called purines. High purine intake leads to monosodium urate which can automatically form stones in the kidney.
- Struvite/infection stones
They are called infection stones because they are associated with urinary tract infections. These uncommon stones are formed when bacteria enters the body and break down the urea into ammonia which raises the pH of your urine.
- Cystine stones
Cystinuria, also known as cystine stones is a rare metabolic disorder which causes cystine (amino acid) to leak in your urine. When there is too much cystine leakage formed in the urine, kidney stones can form. Cystinuria also complicates transporting and absorbing three types of amino acids namely; ornithine, arginine, and lysine. Due to the length of formation, it starts from childhood.
Who’s more likely to get kidney stones?
Anyone can get kidney stones, depending on the health routine in usage. There are several risk factors that could make it a possibility.
- Having a diet that includes substances that form the stones, such as phosphate.
- Having a family history of kidney stones
- Having a blockage in your urinary tract
- Certain medical conditions also cause issues such as high calcium levels, diabetes, obesity, kidney cysts, gout, and cystic fibrosis.
- Bowel diseases
- Some surgical procedures including weight loss
- Certain medications, such as ciprofloxacin, calcium-based antacids, crixivan, and diuretics.
Symptoms of kidney stones
Kidney stone can cause symptoms when the stones start to move through the ureters, the tube that connects your kidney to your bladder. This causes inflammation and pain. Other symptoms to look out for are:
- Cramping pain in the back, belly or side
- Urinary tract infection
- Jagged stones
- Pain while urinating
- Urinating more often
- Red or dark urine
- For men, pain at the tip of the penis
- Abdomen pain
What is the treatment of kidney stones?
The main solution for kidney stones is dehydration. Drinking water helps dissolve the stones and keep the material diluted enough to urinate out. Doctors recommend drinking one cup of water every hour during the day, two cups before sleeping hours and waking up in the night to drink water.
Generally, prevention is the best treatment. Visiting your doctor for a checkup on your body’s organs, including your kidney, would lower the risk of illnesses and reduce the possibility of kidney stones. Prevention can also include some certain lifestyle routines and changes.
- Be a water drinker: Drinking enough liquid, mainly water, is the most important thing you can do to prevent kidney stones. Unless you have kidney failure, many health care professionals recommend that you drink six to eight, 8-ounce glasses a day. If you don’t drink enough, your urine’s volume would be low.
- Maintain a calcium-rich diet: High amounts of salt in your diet can increase the risk of kidney stones. Limit animal-protein foods and get more calcium. According to the Urology Care Foundation, too much salt in the urine prevents calcium from being reabsorbed from the urine to the blood. Calcium supplements reduce the risk of having kidney stones.
- Lose weight: Studies have shown that being overweight increases your risk of kidney stones. A dietitian can help you plan meals to help you lose weight, along with regular exercise.
- Reduce your Vitamin C’s intake: Studies have shown that people that take Vitamin C ( ascorbic acid) have a higher risk of kidney stones. The supplement increases the excretion of oxalate in the urine. Excess oxalate in the urine is dangerous.
- Increase your magnesium intake: Magnesium is an essential mineral many people ignore. It helps energy production and body movements. If you want to increase your magnesium intake, try avocados and legumes.
If dietary changes make no difference, there are medications that slow down and curb the symptoms of kidney stones. Medications such as penicillamine, tiopronin, captopril and bucillamine. If the kidney stones are large, surgery procedures need to be taken. Some surgical operations such as Laser treatments, ureteroscopy, and ultrasound waves are highly effective remedies to destroy the kidney stones.
Soreness after passing kidney stones is a result of irritation caused by the stone. In most cases, this should clear up within a few days.Lingering pain after passing a kidney stone could be a sign of another stone, infection, or an unrelated problem. Unexplained pain should be investigated. One kidney stone may not be all you ever have in your lifetime, either. If you’ve had one, you have a 50% risk of developing another in the next five years. So once you experience a stone, it’s especially important to follow your doctor’s recommendation. Once the cause is determined, your doctor can take the next steps toward resolving the problem.